Traditional clothing is a set of garments, accessories, and jewellery worn by people of a certain region or country. It can vary depending on the time and place. However, there are some common items that are worn in most countries. In some, it is a requirement to wear traditional clothing on special occasions.
For example, traditional dress in Bhutan is required for both men and women. The men wear a traditional silk tunic called kurta-pajama and the women wear a long black veil called burqa. This attire is also worn at religious ceremonies, like weddings. Other people in this part of the world also wear traditional costumes at sporting events and festivals.
In West Greenland, the traditions for dress changed during the first decades of the 20th century. First, the men started wearing festive clothing. A new type of boots with red fur was added to the wardrobe. Also, the use of seal fur as trousers for men declined.
During the nineteenth century, a unique type of short pants with no decoration was used by East Greenlanders. They were also worn with a pair of short white boots and a broad black fur band. During ritual events, the best attire was worn.
In the early 20th century, the tunumiit adopted the West Greenlandic clothing. During the celebrations, the young girls wore a tunumiit-tunumiit amaat, a white cotton amaat that combines the tunumiit tunumiit amaat and the nuisarnqaq. But the amaat was still used in daily life by a small group of women in the region.
Afterwards, the amaat became more and more decorated. The amaatit’s bead collars remained predominant. However, the holes in the beads became symbolic for spirits. These spirits were unable to enter the body because of the hole.
Similarly, a child’s cap was made of a loose piece of seal fur, which had been de-haired. During winter, children wore seal fur boots, and in summer they wore waterproof leather boots. Some of the most vulnerable children were also protected by dog-tails or split anoraks.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the men and the women of the region began to wear European clothes. Their attires gradually changed as they began to trade with the Westerners. Moreover, the skills of seamstresses gained more importance.
Women in the region became better seamstresses and earned more respect from the community. During the 1970s, young girls began to wear a small, decorated white cotton amaat during festivities. During the 1990s, it became popular among teenage girls.
Despite the fact that these changes happened gradually, there were major changes in the way traditional dress was worn. During the last few decades, Inuit clothes have become extremely popular. Moreover, in the twenty-first century, the culture has started to evolve and new types of clothing are being produced.
In the 21st century, the clothing of the Arctic region has been studied extensively by scholars and is often used in museum exhibits. Various studies have been published on this topic by both Euro-American and Inuit researchers.